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Gender violence and HIV : reversing twin epidemics

Document type: article
Download file(s): 120677 (186 KB)
Abstract: The situation of women and girls in the context of the HIV and AIDS epidemic in many parts of the world and particularly sub-Saharan Africa continues to be a cause of major concern. With more than 30% of women in some countries reporting their first sexual encounter as forced, and the continued feminization of the HIV epidemic, violence remains both a cause and consequence of HIV infection. Once infected with HIV, women often face varied forms of violence, particularly driven by stigma and discrimination. Limited access and control over resources; poor access to education and information; limited access to services (legal, health and social); and subordination due to harmful cultural practices and gender inequalities, only serve to fuel this vicious cycle of gender-based violence (GBV) and HIV and AIDS. Several best practices have been recognized. In Botswana, the Women Against Rape organization provides medico-legal services to survivors of violence. The group offers training in schools on the linkages between gender based violence and HIV and human rights and enables rural women to access legal redress for violence. Meanwhile, the Men as Partners (MAP) programme works across the whole African continent to engage men through empowering them to share responsibility of reproductive and health rights, participate in PMTCT programmes, and prevent violence, HIV and STI infections. Other interventions include microfinance.
Authors: Eghtessadi, R.
Category: General
End Page: 4
Serial number: 3
ISSN: 1871-7551
Journal: Exchange on HIV/AIDS, sexuality and gender
Keywords: health , women , gender , violence
Language: eng
Organization: KIT - Royal Tropical Institute
Year: 2008
Region: Africa South of Sahara
Right: © 2008 KIT
Subject: Health and Nutrition
Start Page: 1
Title: Gender violence and HIV : reversing twin epidemics