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Osteoporosis in Andhra pradesh, India, determinants and their correlation with bone parameters of men and women with osteoporosis hip fractures case control study


Document type: mthesis
Download file(s): 185325 (1410 KB)
Abstract: Osteoporosis cases are increasing all over the world and because of its fracture morbidity and mortality in the elderly and especially postmenopausal women and become a global health problem. In the developing countries, fracture cases are increasing as the longevity increases in these countries. Projections show Asia is going to have the highest incidence of cases because of its growing elderly population. Indian Census shows there are about 163 million people above 50 years. The various scientific reports suggest 20% of women and 15% men are suffering from osteoporosis in India. In India, very limited studies are available on epidemiology of osteoporosis and fragility fractures. The present study confirms the high prevalence of osteoporosis in both men and women equally in fractured case and the normal control population of the low socio economic sections. The study also shows fractures are occurring at the low body mass index (BMI). Study confirms low BMI is strongly associated with osteoporosis either as a risk factor or marker. The study also confirms that fractures are happening 10 years earlier than the western populations. At present, there is no action plan for the management and prevention of osteoporosis in India. Therefore the study recommends a comprehensive population prevention strategy like community screening with low cost FRAX (Fracture risk assessment tool) tools for the high risk groups. The study also highlights the urgent need of data base on the fractures. The study concludes that there is urgent need for prevention strategies and guidelines to combat the silent epidemic of osteoporosis in the AP state and India.
Authors: Geddam, J.J.B.
Country: India
Category: Research
Department: Development Policy & Practice
Institute: KIT (Royal Tropical Institute)
Keywords: health , disease prevention and control , ageing persons
Language: eng
Organization: KIT - Royal Tropical Institute
PAGE: vii, 71
Year: 2009
Region: South Asia
Right: © 2009 Geddam
Subject: Health and Nutrition
Title: Osteoporosis in Andhra pradesh, India, determinants and their correlation with bone parameters of men and women with osteoporosis hip fractures case control study
Training: Master of Public Health / International Course in Health Development (ICHD)