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The "hidden hunger" : understanding the burden and determinants of anaemia among women in Ethiopia

Document type: mthesis
Download file(s): 186332 (1571 KB)
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Anaemia is a global public health problem associated with an increased mortality and morbidity. The highest prevalence of anaemia exists in developing world where its causes are multi-factorial. In Ethiopia large size data was collected by DHS in 2005 but the data wasn’t further analyzed. OBJECTIVE: To assess the magnitude and determinants of anaemia among women of child bearing age in Ethiopia. METHODOLOGY: The magnitude and individual/household based determinants of anaemia were determined using the 2005 DHS data. Permission to download and analyze the data was granted from ORC Macro. SPSS v12.0 was used to analyze the data. Both univariate and multivariate analysis were carried out. Macro level determinants of anaemia were considered through reviewing national responses and food security situations. RESULT: A total of 5960 women of child bearing age were included in the analysis. The mean haemoglobin was 127.2 g/l (95%CI 126.6, 127.7g/l). The general prevalence of anaemia was 27.7% (95%CI 26.6, 28.9). In Afar, Somali and Gambella regions anaemia was a severe public health problem. In the remaining regions it was a moderate public health problem except in the capital where it was mild public health problem. Logistic regression analysis shows that possession of toilet and use of family planning are independent predictors of prevalence of anaemia. Drought and poor health care performance were correlated with prevalence of anaemia at regional level. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS: Anaemia is prevalent in Ethiopia with clear regional differences. Improving existing efforts for environmental sanitation, educating women and expanding maternal health care services is recommended to control anaemia.
Authors: Amenu, W.T.
Country: Ethiopia
Category: Research
Department: Development Policy & Practice
Institute: KIT (Royal Tropical Institute)
Keywords: health , women
Language: eng
Organization: KIT - Royal Tropical Institute
PAGE: ix, 63
Year: 2010
Region: East Africa
Right: © 2010 Amenu
Subject: Health and Nutrition
Title: The "hidden hunger" : understanding the burden and determinants of anaemia among women in Ethiopia
Training: Master in International Health (MIH)