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Contributing factors and strategies for prevention of intimate partner and sexual violence in Papua New Guinea

Document type: mthesis
Download file(s): 455709 (1061 KB)
Abstract: PROBLEM: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and Sexual Violence (SV) are a public health concern and a violation of human rights. It is estimated that worldwide 13-71% of women will suffer from SV or IPV at least once during their life time. In Papua New Guinea (PNG) roughly 2 million women are affected. Consequences of violence include physical injuries, emotional trauma and indirect consequences such as loss of productivity. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: This thesis identifies the main contributing factors to IPV and SV in PNG with special attention to the Highlands region through a literature review. The ecological model was used as analytical framework to organize contributing factors and best practices to prevent IPV and SV. Data from one Family Support Center (integrated model approach) illustrate some of the findings. FINDINGS: For the PNG context child abuse, alcohol, marital discordance, payment of bride price, peer pressure, break down of communities parenting practices, gender norms and the acceptability of violence all contribute to violence. Valuable interventions are parenting classes to decrease harsh punishment of children and empowering strategies for women to address power inequalities within relationships. A community participatory approach that engages men is most effective for interventions at community and societal level. Survivor care is important and not widely available. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS: The causes of IPV and SV are complex. Participatory approaches have better results and gender transformative programs are more effective than gender informative projects at the same time care for victims should not be forgotten. Survivor care should not take place in isolation but link to community participatory approaches. Interventions should be evaluated to increase knowledge of what works in PNG. The Department of community development has an important role for developing an overall strategy to address IPV and SV. Finally, more information is needed on the prevalence of IPV and SV to better understand the burden of disease they represent.
Authors: Broekhoff, M.
Country: Papua New Guinea
Category: Research
Department: Development, Policy and Practice
Institute: KIT - Royal Tropical Institute
Keywords: gender , violence , women
Language: eng
Organization: KIT - Royal Tropical Institute
Organization: VU - Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
PAGE: xiii, 50
Place: Amsterdam
Publisher: KIT - Royal Tropical Institute [etc.]
Year: 2012
Region: Oceania
Right: © 2012 Broekhoff
Subject: Culture, Society and Religion
Title: Contributing factors and strategies for prevention of intimate partner and sexual violence in Papua New Guinea
Training: Master of Public Health