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Barriers and contrains of accessibility of HIV counseling and testing in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam

Document type: mthesis
Download file(s): 455715 (510 KB)
Abstract: HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) can help men who have sex with men (MSM) to disclose their HIV status and make the behaviors change to reduce the transmission and decrease the burden of disease due to the effectiveness of the ARV treatment. This review is conducted with the aim to understand the barriers and constraints to access VCT services so as to provide the recommendation to improve the VCT services. There are several factors that influencing the utilization of HIV counseling and testing among MSM such as the psychological anxiety about HIV status, lack of knowledge and appropriate information about HIV/AIDS, stigma and discrimination, awareness about VCT services, the stigma and discrimination in healthcare services, attitude of healthcare providers, lack of appropriate skills toward to MSM, waiting time for HIV testing results, cost and the location of VCT services as well. With the finding about constrains and obstacles of accessibility of VCT services, the review also give some good practices from international and Ho Chi Minh City that help people overcome the barriers and provide the better services to MSM. Recommendation to healthcare authorities, international donors and specific to Viet Nam Administration for HIV/AIDS Control (VAAC)- Ministry of Health and Ho Chi Minh City Provincial AIDS Committee will be developed to express the solution for the barriers in order to improve the accessibility of VCT services and make it more appropriate to MSM.
Authors: An Bao
Country: Viet Nam
Category: Research
Department: Development, Policy and Practice
Institute: KIT - Royal Tropical Institute
Keywords: disease prevention and control , health services , HIV and AIDS , reproductive health
Language: eng
Organization: KIT - Royal Tropical Institute
Organization: VU - Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
PAGE: v, 40
Place: Amsterdam
Publisher: KIT - Royal Tropical Institute [etc.]
Year: 2012
Region: Southeast Asia
Right: © 2012 An Bao
Subject: Health and Nutrition
Title: Barriers and contrains of accessibility of HIV counseling and testing in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam
Training: Master of Public Health