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Achieving universal health coverage in Nigeria : the National Health Insurance Scheme as a tool

Document type: mthesis
Download file(s): 455718 (3054 KB)
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: The start of the 21st century witnessed a renewed effort at health sector and health financing policy reforms in Nigeria. The National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS), which commenced in 2005, is the most notable of these reforms. Despite these efforts, many Nigerians are yet to feel the impact and Nigeria is faced with the challenge of expanding the NHIS to cover the large and mainly poor informal sector. METHODS: Literature review. FINDINGS: Nigeria is far from achieving universal health coverage seven years after the NHIS commenced. The scheme is yet to extend significant coverage to the larger and mainly poor informal sector. It is voluntary for Nigerians and estimated coverage is 5% in 2011. No concerted efforts have been made to raise and allocate funding for the informal sector SHI programmes and out-of-pocket payments for health is high. CONCLUSIONS: Nigeria’s slow progress towards achieving universal health coverage is mainly due to lack of good governance, inadequate funding for the health system, poor stakeholder participation, and challenges of human and infrastructural capacity. RECOMMENDATIONS: Review the NHIS Decree making the scheme mandatory, and increase government stewardship of health financing policy reform Implementation. Make transparency and accountability the watch-word in tackling innovative revenue generation and allocation of funds to the health sector and NHIS. Ensure community and stakeholders’ participation to grow the scheme. Build capacity across the health system.
Authors: Usoroh, E.E.
Country: Nigeria
Category: Research
Department: Development, Policy and Practice
Institute: KIT - Royal Tropical Institute
Keywords: government , health services
Language: eng
Organization: KIT - Royal Tropical Institute
Organization: VU - Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
PAGE: xii, 61
Place: Amsterdam
Publisher: KIT - Royal Tropical Institute [etc.]
Year: 2012
Region: West Africa
Right: © 2012 Usoroh
Subject: Health and Nutrition
Title: Achieving universal health coverage in Nigeria : the National Health Insurance Scheme as a tool
Training: Master of Public Health