Recent epidemiological studies on the prevalence of DM in the
the Arab world came mainly from Saudi Arabia, Oman, and Egypt.
In the Omani national survey of glucose intolerance which was
conducted in 1991, the prevalence of DM was 9.7% and 9.8% in
males and females, respectively, in the population aged 20
years and over. The prevalence of DM was estimated to be 9.3%
in the Egyptian population of > 20 years. A recent study of
urban and rural populations in Saudi Arabia in persons > 15
years old, adds to previously reported alarming figures
indicating a prevalence of 12.0% for males and 14.0% for
females in the urban and 7.0% for males and 7.7% for females
in the rural population (Reference 9).