||In contrast, none
of the approximately 150 residents of the mobile-home community who were
able to obtain shelter in the community's single underground storm shelter
were killed or injured. Unfortunately, at the time of this disaster, 40% of
all mobile home parks surveyed in the affected county did not have a
community storm shelter.
Although tornado-related mortality in the United States has been steadily
decreasing from 1985 through 1993, 151 (36.5%) of the 414 tornado deaths
that occurred in the United States during that period were among mobile home
residents, even though only 7% of the U.S. population lives in mobile homes
(31). This population is thus an important one to target for tornado
disaster mitigation (32). Apart from enhancements in warning,
the most effective prevention and control measure for reducing
tornado-related injuries and deaths is to provide adequate sheltering
options for this population (23).