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This graph shows the age-standardised death rates by cause for most causes for Indigenous and non-Indigenous males. (The causes that were omitted were responsible for very few deaths.)
As the graph shows, the age-standardised death rates for circulatory diseases and cancer among Indigenous males were together about equal to the age-standardised rates from all causes combined among other males. Indigenous males also had relatively high death rates from many other causes, however. Despite under-identification of some proportion of Indigenous deaths (i.e. misclassification of Indigenous deaths as non-Indigenous), Indigenous males still had higher rates of death than non-Indigenous males from virtually every cause, as well as from all causes combined.
The comparisons are similar among females, although as expected the actual rates are lower than for males.
For more information about mortality among Indigenous people in Australia, including an in-depth discussion of methodological issues, see Cunningham J & Paradies Y, 2000, Occasional Paper: Mortality of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 1997. ABS cat. no. 3315.0, Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra. Available on-line at