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Socioeconomic Status- No matter how it is measured, socioeconomic status has been shown to be highly related to health status. Where there are higher levels of income, of education, and of occupations, there usually exists lower rates of mortality. The reverse is also true. It is obvious that where there are more economic resources, there is a higher standard of living which translates into greater access to healthcare and medical resources. By comparison, when a recession or depression occurs, measures of health status show decline.
The relationship between income and health can be seen these ways:
1-Differences in Life Expectancy-The disparity in mortality rates and other health measures between wealthier and poorer countries.
2-As Gross Domestic Product (GDP) increases so does health because wealth is distributed more evenly and the standard of living improves.