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Trafficking of women in Vietnam : an analysis of vulnerability, health and well-being factors


Document type: mthesis
Download file(s): 185298 (413 KB)
Abstract: Human trafficking is a public health issue and a human right violation. Trafficking of women in Vietnam has become a growing concern since the number of women and girls trafficked is increasing in recent years. Thousands of Vietnamese women are trafficked internally and internationally for labour and sexual exploitation. This study aims to explore the vulnerability for trafficking and the impact of trafficking on women’s health and well-being in order to propose recommendations for effective prevention of the trafficking of women and for assisting trafficked women. The study was conducted by literature review of public data, study reports of the national and international organizations. The study analysis shows that the contributing factors to trafficking of women are varied and complex. Those main factors frequently are related to poverty, unemployment, unregulated migration due to high demand for labour, gender based discrimination, lack of education opportunities, loopholes in legal frameworks and poor law enforcement. Consequently, trafficking has profound impact on women’s health and well-being. Particularly the trafficked women endure forms of abuse, violence and traumatic events that cause numerous health problems related to physical, mental, sexual and reproductive health but they face several barriers to access to health care services during and after the trafficking situation. The risks and abuse they have suffered can diminish their social and economic well-being in a long term. In response to this problem, the Vietnamese Government implemented a range of measures for prevention of trafficking, protection and assistance to trafficked victims. Despite the efforts, the effectiveness of existing interventions is still modest and difficult to measure due to lack of competence and experience of local authorities, lack of coordination mechanisms and limited resources. Based on this study recommendations are made to the Vietnamese Government at national level regarding strengthening of labour migration policies and regulations, law enforcement, further research on trafficking of women and men for labour exploitation, good practices of trafficking and support services for trafficked victims. In addition, recommendations are made for the local government agencies to develop intervention programmes for prevention of trafficking and assistance to the trafficked women. These programmes should be comprehensive, multi-pronged and multi-level to reduce the vulnerability of women to trafficking.
Authors: Chau, T.N.
Country: Viet Nam
Category: Research
Department: Development Policy & Practice
Institute: KIT (Royal Tropical Institute)
Keywords: women , health , reproductive health , health services , gender , violence
Language: eng
Organization: KIT - Royal Tropical Institute
PAGE: 46
Year: 2008
Region: Southeast Asia
Right: © 2008 Chau
Subject: Health and Nutrition
Title: Trafficking of women in Vietnam : an analysis of vulnerability, health and well-being factors
Training: Master of Public Health / International Course in Health Development (ICHD)