The National Library of Egypt harbors a gigantic and unique national wealth of rare historical maps and Arabic Papyri. CULTNAT, in collaboration with the National Library of Egypt, successfully initiated and completed the digitization of two archival collections of approximately 10,000 maps and 3500 papyri. The development of databases containing the digitized collections has made it easy for the National Library to better serve the visiting researchers and scholars. A bilingual publication in Arabic and English entitled Egypt in the Cartographic Heritage (1595-1840 CE) about the map collection is currently being printed and is complemented by a CD.