Articles (Arab Scientists)

Egyptian Researcher Elham Fadaly
(The People of Science: Scientists and Inventors)

The name of Dr. Elham Fadaly has recently become popular in the scientific society, as a research paper she co-authored was published in the renowned Nature magazine. 

Egyptian Scientist Nashwa El-Bendary
(The People of Science: Scientists and Inventors)

Meet the Egyptian scientist Nashwa El-Bendary, winner of the ALECSO and L'Oréal-UNESCO awards.

Samira Moussa; the Unfulfilled Dream
(The People of Science: Scientists and Inventors)

We pay humble tribute to Samira Moussa; an outstanding woman and scientist who could have become the first Egyptian Nobel Laureate, had she lived long enough to receive that superior recognition.

Maryam Al-Astrolabiya: Arab Astronomer Pioneer
(The People of Science: Scientists and Inventors)

The young Maryam was raised amidst a mathematical, astronomical environment. She delved into both sciences to design and build the “complex” astrolabe.

Ayah Bdeir:LittleBits Library of Electronics
(The People of Science: Scientists and Inventors)

Ayah Bdeir is a woman who is passionate about making hardware accessible to people of all ages and walks of life. She studied computer engineering at the American University of Beirut and went on to earn her Master’s of Science from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). When she started to learn about electric circuits in university, she realized many people give up on the subject because they found it too hard to understand. From this point onwards she has been on a mission to make that complex idea accessible to all people, whether you are into engineering or not.

Dr. Taher Elgamal
(The People of Science: Scientists and Inventors)

After World War II, people realized that sharing secret keys was the most difficult thing to do. As a result, the notion of public key cryptography was developed in the late 1970s at MIT and Stanford Universities, basically to be able to share keys secretly at a lower cost. Since then, the industry of cryptography has blossomed.

The Arabs and the Enlightenment of Optics
(The People of Science: Scientists and Inventors)

Optics and vision theories were attractive topics of study for ancient scientists. Famous mathematicians as Euclid and Ptolemy adopted the theory of extramission; they interpreted vision as light emitted from the human eyes on the object, where the reflected rays help the individual perceive the color, shape, and size of the object. Another opposing theory was adopted by Aristotle and Galen; the intromission theory, where they thought that light was transmitted to the eye from the object or its surroundings.

The Arabs and the Advancement of Astrolabes
(The People of Science: Scientists and Inventors)

One of the Arab scientists’ major contributions was in astrolabes. Astrolabes were primarily invented by the ancient Greeks in 225 BCE by Apollonius based on the theories and the findings of Hipparchus. The main uses of astrolabes were to tell time during day or night, to identify the time of sunrise and sunset, and the length of the day, and to locate celestial objects in the sky. These uses were essential for astronomers, astrologers, and of course navigators.

Dr. Fawzia Fahim's Reseach on Cancer-Killing Cobra
(The People of Science: Scientists and Inventors)

The cobra’s regal image, like that of the Pyramids and the Sun, is among the Pharaonic symbols of ancient Egypt and its constellation of mystical deities. Snakes have also long been part of the symbolism of medicine; even the escutcheon of the profession bears a serpent wrapped around the staff of Aesculapius, the Greek god of healing.

Ibn al-Nafis and the Exploration of the Human Body
(The People of Science: Scientists and Inventors)

Ibn al-Nafis was a great Arab physician and surgeon, who also made contributions in astronomy, Islamic theology philosophy, history, and science fiction writing. Ibn al-Nafis recorded his own experiences, observations, and deductions in his books and manuscripts; 300 years after his original writings, some of his work was translated into Latin and became available to European physicians.

The King of Hearts: aka Sir Magdi Yacoub
(The People of Science: Scientists and Inventors)

Inspired by his father, Magdi Yacoub decided to be a doctor, and the death of his aunt due to a heart disease motivated him to specialize as a cardiac surgeon. He studied medicine at Cairo University, then he moved to London. After more than 40 years of hard work and success, Dr. Magdi Yacoub is now one of the world’s leading cardiac surgeons. He was awarded the UK Order of Merit and knighted by Queen Elizabeth II for his contribution to medicine and surgery, becoming the first Egyptian to receive this prestigious award.

The Magician of Medicine: Abu Bakr al-Razi
(The People of Science: Scientists and Inventors)

Al-Razi, known as “Rhazes” in the West, was a physician, philosopher, and scholar who made fundamental contributions to many scientific fields, especially medicine, pioneering in the fields of pediatrics, obstetrics, and ophthalmology. A special feature of his medical system was that he favored cure through correct and regulated food, avoiding excessive use of chemical drugs. Moreover, he tested remedies on animals in order to evaluate their effects before using them on humans.

Al-Karaji and the Secrets of Hydrology
(The People of Science: Scientists and Inventors)

Inbat al-miyah al-khafiya is an excellent manual on the supplies of hydraulic water; it was written by Abu Bakr Muhammed Al-Karaji. Besides its main interest in hydrology, it contains a discussion of many topics related to the geography of the globe, various remarks on soil types and nature, as well as paying great attention to surveying techniques.

A Surgeon for All Times: Abu al-Qasim Al-Zahrawi
(The People of Science: Scientists and Inventors)

The pioneer of modern surgery, known in the West as “Abulcasis”, Abu al-Qasim Al-Zahrawi was not just a pioneer in surgical innovation; he was also a great teacher whose medical texts had shaped the European surgical procedures up until the Renaissance and later.

Mostafa Mahmoud: A Thinking Phenomenon
(The People of Science: Scientists and Inventors)

Mostafa Kamal Mahmoud is an Egyptian scientist, thinker, author, and philosopher known for his role in bridging science and religious faith. He was trained as a doctor, but later chose a career as a journalist and author, traveling widely and writing on many subjects related to the philosophy of science and religion.

Defender of the Environment: Mostafa Tolba, An Egyptian Legacy
(The People of Science: Scientists and Inventors)

A land that is blessed with relatively moderate varying landscape of sea and desert, rivers and farmlands, Egypt is blessed with a beautiful environment. However, this beauty that we are so in awe with has been greatly endangered in the past decades with the rise of industries and lack of concern for sustainability, which has negatively impacted our planet.

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