|front |1 |2 |3 |4 |5 |6 |7 |8 |9 |10 |11 |12 |13 |14 |15 |16 |17 |18 |19 |20 |review|
A. Primary prevention: The focus of primary prevention is to keep a disease, disorder, or disability from occurring. Successful primary prevention efforts reduce the number of new cases of a disorder or disease, that is, incidence (example: prevention of traumatic brain injury through the use of bicycle helmets and seatbelts.)
B. Secondary prevention: Early identification and preventive intervention of a disease, disorder, or disability; decreasing the prevalence of a condition (example: universal newborn hearing screenings identifying hearing loss at an early age).
C. Tertiary prevention: Attempt to decrease the severity or impact of a disability associated with an existing disorder or disease, to restore and improve effective functioning of a disability. This is the traditional domain for audiologists and speech-language pathologists… (example: treating a swallowing disorder to improve the ability to swallow).
Transition: The following slides will provide specific examples of each ofthese levels of prevention…