Authors Basic Guidelines

1. Manuscripts should not exceed (12) pages or 3000 words.

2. Manuscripts can be submitted in Arabic, English, French, Spanish or German. For English, French or German manuscripts, an Arabic translation of the title, authors' names and affiliations, abstract and key words should be included.

3. The Author(s) is/are responsible for the originality of the data reported and the authenticity of the cited literatures. The Editorial Board will not be responsible for any undetected plagiarism.

4. Complete the Copyright Transfer Form. Note that you are required to check the box that confirms your understanding, author page charges are required.

5. The material represents original, useful contributions to the field of the Journal.

6. The manuscript must clearly state the scope and purpose. The information must be objective and well organized, and the conclusions must be adequately supported.

7. Submitted manuscripts will not be returned to authors, whether published or not.

8. Go to Submit your Research to submit your manuscript for review.

9. A brief Curriculum Vitae (CV), and an Abstract should be submitted together with the manuscript.

Manuscript Handling

1. The manuscript is reviewed to ensure it matches the Journal format. Improper format is marked.

2. The author is informed of any needed modifications to the manuscript.

3. Upon receiving the modified manuscript, the official submission date starts. The Editorial Board primarily evaluates the manuscript to decide its validity for referral by two referees.

4. Publishing decision will be one of the following:

  • Accepting the manuscript as is.
  • Accepting following minor modifications.
  • Requesting major modifications and resubmitting to the referee.
  • Declining to publishing.

5. After performing any needed modifications, the manuscript is returned to the Journal with a list of performed and unperformed modifications with reasoning of unperformed modifications. The Editorial Board examines the manuscript after modification to decide its illegibility for publishing. The editorial board has the authority to edit the manuscript, with the consent of the author. Proofreading will be conducted on the manuscript and a draft of the final printing form will be sent to the author for his approval before publishing.

6. Upon approval for publishing, the author receives an acceptance letter.

7. The abstracts will be posted on the Journal website.


The Journal of Abgadiyat follows the Chicago Manual of Style, with some modifications as cited below.

1 The Journal of Abgadiyat does not use titles such as Dr, or Prof. in text or notes or for authors.

2- Brackets should be all round-shaped, e.g. (……)

3- Use single quotation marks throughout. ‘ ’

4- Avoid Arabic diacriticals. Only use in quotes.

5- The numbers of dynasties must be spelled out, e.g. ‘Eighteenth Dynasty’ and not ‘18th Dynasty’ or ‘Dynasty 18’. Similarly, numbers of centuries should be spelled out, e.g. ‘fifth century BCE’, ‘second century CE’. BCE and CE should be in capitals.

6- The ‘­_’ dash between dates, page references, etc. (1901/02, 133–210) is an en-dash not a hyphen.


Contributors must check with the editor, in advance, if the text employs any non-standard fonts (e.g. transliterations, Hieroglyphics, Greek, Coptic, etc.) and may be asked to supply these on a disk with the text.


1- The initial hamza (ء) is not transcribed: amāna, ka-sura.

2- The article (al) should be connected with the word it determines through a hyphen, avoiding what is known in Arabic as ‘solar’ al, i.e. it should be written whether pronounced or not: al-šams, al-qamar.

3- No capital letter is given to the article (al) but the word it determines, except at the beginning of a sentence where the article also must have a capital letter: al-Gabarti.

4- Arabic diacritics are not transcribed: laylat al qadr, and not laylatu l-qadri.

5- The (’ marbuta) is written as a, but if followed by genitive it should be written as al-madina, madinat al-Qahira.

6- For transliteration of plural in Arabic words use any of the following options:

- Arabic singular: waqf,

- Arabic plural: awqaf,

- Arabic singular followed by (s) in Roman letters: waqf-s.


1- Citations must be on separate pages appended as endnotes, double-spaced.

2- Footnote numbers should be placed above the line (superscript) following punctuation, without brackets.

3- The title of the article must not include a footnote reference. If a note is needed for ‘acknowledgement’ this should be by means of an asterisk (*) in the title and an asterisked note before the first footnote.


An abstract (maximum 150 words) must be provided. The abstract will be used for indexing and information retrieval. The abstract is a stand alone piece and not part of the main body of the article.


• Concerning periodicals and series, abbreviations should follow those in Bernard Mathieu, Abréviations des périodiques et collections en usage à l’IFAO, 4ème éd. (Cairo, 2003). Available online at Ad hoc abbreviations, after complete full reference, may be used for titles cited frequently in individual articles.

• Accepted forms of standard reference works may also be applied. Porter and Moss, Topographical Bibliography, should be cited as PM (not italicized).

CITATIONS should take the form of:

Article in a journal

J.D. Ray, ‘The Voice of Authority: Papyrus Leiden I
382’, JEA 85 (1999), 190.

• Cite subsequently as: Ray, JEA 85, 190.

Article or chapter in a multi-author book

I. Mathieson, ‘Magnetometer Surveys on Kiln Sites at Amarna’, in B.J. Kemp (ed.), Amarna Reports VI, EES Occasional Publications 10 (London, 1995), 218-220.

• Cite subsequently as: Mathieson, in Kemp (ed.), Amarna Reports VI, 218-220.

A.B. Lloyd, ‘The Late Period, 664-323 BC’ in B.G. Trigger, B.J. Kemp, D. O’Connor and A.B. Lloyd, Ancient Egypt. A Social History (Cambridge, 1983), 279-346.

• Cite subsequently as: Lloyd, in Trigger, et al., Ancient Egypt. A Social History, 279-346.


E. Strouhal, Life in Ancient Egypt (Cambridge, 1992), 35-38.

• Cite subsequently as: Strouhal, Life in Ancient Egypt, 35-38.

D.M. Bailey, Excavations at el-Ashmunein, V. Pottery, Lamps and Glass of the Late Roman and Early Arab periods (London, 1998), 140.

• Cite subsequently as: Bailey, Excavations at el-Ashmunein, V. 140.

Series publication

W.M.F. Petrie, Hyksos and Israelite Cities, BSAE 12 (London, 1906), 37, pl.38.A, no.26.

• Cite subsequently as: Petrie, Hyksos and Israelite Cities, 37, pl. 38.A, no. 26.


Josef W. Wegner, The Mortuary Complex of Senwosret III: A Study of Middle Kingdom State Activity and the Cult of Osiris at Abydos (PhD diss., University of Pennsylvania, 1996), 45-55.

• Cite subsequently as: Wegner, The Mortuary Complex of Senwosret III, 45-55.


• Cite preferentially to a hard-copy edition of material posted on a website. If material is available solely in electronic form, provide sufficient information to enable users to correctly access the sources. However, a citation such as might be more elegantly, if less directly, expressed textually: See, for example, acc. 19.162, illustrated at The http:// protocol may be omitted in citations to sources posted on the World Wide Web (e.g.,, rather than; it should be retained in other instances (e.g.,; or

• For citations to electronic journals, CD-ROM, and similar media, see the relevant chapter in the Chicago Manual of Style.

• Authors’ initials and publication details, including full article title and/or series name and volume number should be provided in the first citation; surname alone, and an abbreviated title should be used subsequently. The use of Ibid, Op. cit. and Loc. cit. should be avoided. Precise page references should be given.


• These should be scanned at 300 dpi for reproduction at the same size. The images should be saved as CMYK TIFF files (JPEGs are rarely adequate).

• Illustrations and graphics should not exceed 30% of the text.

• All image files must be submitted on a CD. Please do not e-mail images to the editors without prior consultation.


For figures, appropriate credit should be provided, double-spaced, on a separate sheet, and in electronic form on the CD with the final version of the article.


• Responsibility for obtaining permission to use copyright material rests with the author. This includes photocopies of previously-published material.

• Submitted research papers and articles will not be returned to authors whether published or not.

• A brief Curriculum Vitae (CV) should be submitted together with the research paper.