Learn Hieroglyphs

Use of prepositions

 1) Prepositions were used before nouns and pronouns in non-verbal sentences, to form an adverbial predicate or adverbial phrase.

iw.i m pr Hna sn.i
I am in the house with my brother.
2) Prepositions used in verbal sentences and treated as an adverbial phrase.
iw gm.n.s m pr.s
She found a man in her house.
3) The preposition n is used before the suffix pronoun to express a dative or indirect object.
iw di.n.i n.k
I gave water to you.
4) Hr, r and m are sometimes placed before the infinitive. Note the preposition m comes before verbs of movement; Hr comes with other verbs, while r comes before the infinitive to express purpose and future meaning.
5) Simple prepositions are used to introduce the construction sDm.f and sdm.n.f form. Note that sDm.n.f can be introduced by special prepositions, either simple or compound, such as Xft ‘according to’ mi as r ‘in order to, until’, m-xt ‘after’.
To change the main sentence into a subordinate phrase, Egyptians used the existential verbs wn, wnn following prepositions; accordingly wn.f, or wnn.f are used as subordinate verb phrase which are treated as a noun.
m wn.f tp tA Dr wn Hm.i m inp
(I was a priest with my father) when he was on earth, since my majesty was a child.