Learn Hieroglyphs

Dependent pronouns

They are less attached to a preceding word than the suffix pronouns, but can never stand as the first word of a sentence.

First Person Singular

I, me,


, , ,

Second Person Masculine Singular

you, you

Tw, tw


Second Person Feminine Singular

you, you

Tn, tn


Third Person Masculine Singular

he, him, it



Third Person Feminine Singular

she, her, it

sy, st

, , , ,

First Person Plural

we, us


Second Person  Plural

you, you

Tn, tn

, , ,

Third Person Plural

they, them


, , ,


1) Determinatives in first person singular pronouns are written according to the gender of the speaker, and are occasionally omitted.

2) The third person plural pronoun   .sn is rarely used as an object and is replaced by  .st which is an early writing for the third person singular and plural independent pronouns.

Uses of dependent pronoun:

a) Object  in verbal sentences

hAb.k wi

You send me.

hAb wi s

The man sends me.


The object pronoun is placed before the noun subject.

b) Subject of a phrase with an predicate adverbial,

but it must follow a number of particles such as mk، أو nn.:

mk Tw m bAk. i

Behold, you are my servant.

nn s(y) m ib.i

She is not in my heart.

c) Subject after predicate adjectival

This use is only confined to the second and third pronoun:

nfrt tn Hna .i

You are happy with me.

d) As a reflexive pronoun

rdi.n (.i) wi Hr Xt. i

I placed myself on my body.