Learn Hieroglyphs


Egyptian language has no special word for the coordinating conjunction “and”. The coordination of the noun is often through direct juxtaposition.


dAb iArrt

Figs and grapes.

iAwt.Tn prw.Tn

Your jobs and your houses.

In other cases Hr “on” andHna “with”, can be used for coordination with the meaning of “and”


Da Hr hwty
Wind and rain.

msw.i Hna snw.i
My children and my brothers.

nb sn xnms r-pw
Master or brother or friend.

In this example, the word r-pw comes at the end of the phrase and it means “or”