Learn Hieroglyphs

Usages of the Active Participle

 1) The active participle as an adjective


itw.i xprw r-HAt.i
My fathers who have been before me.
Hmt.f irrt Hsst.f ra nb
His wife who works what he loves every day.
Note that Hmt.f is feminine to which the active participle corresponds in its ending with a t.

2) The independent use of the active participle

i mrrw anx msDDw m(w)t
O, you who love life and hate death.
Here the active participle has an absolute use. It is used here as a vocative after an interjection.
Note also the germination which indicates the imperfective tense.

3) The active participle as a predicate

in Hm.f rdi ir.t (w).f
It was his Majesty who caused it to be made.
ink Dd nfrt
I am who say what is beautiful.
Note that in the first the active participle is a predicate to a nominal subject introduced by the participle in. In the second, the independent pronoun plays the same role as in + noun.

4) The participle as an adjectival predicate

rS.wy sDd dpt.n.f
How joyful is he who relates what he has experienced.
Note here the participle is accompanied by the exclamatory ending wy.
sHDw sw tAwy r itn
He is one who illuminates the two lands more than the sun.
Here the participle is at the beginning as an adjective predicate and followed by the subject whether nominal or pronominal (dependent pronoun).