Learn Hieroglyphs

Suffix pronouns

Ancient Egyptian language has four distinct types of personal pronouns:

1) Suffix pronouns

2) Dependent pronouns

3) Independent pronouns

4) Compound pronouns

1) Suffix pronouns

They are suffix pronouns because they follow, and are affixed to preceding words.

First Person Masculine Singular

I, me, my


, ,

First Person Feminine Singular

I, me, my


Second Person Masculine Singular

you, you , your


Second Person Feminine Singular

you, you, your

.t, .T


Third Person Masculine Singular 

he, hi, his, it


Third Person Feminine Singular

she, her, it



First Person Plural

we, us, our


Second Person Plural

you, you, your

.tn, .Tn

, ,

Third Person Plural

they, them, their


, ,,


In the transliteration, a “.” or “=” is placed before suffix pronouns to differentiate it from other pronouns and articles, and to show that it is related to the preceding  word.

The adjectiveiry is sometimes used as an unchangeable substitute for the suffixes of the third person singular or plural.

The impersonal pronoun  tw is used to imply someone as in:  Dd.tw ‘One says’.

The variant writings of the singular and plural second feminine indicates the interchange between t and T.

Different writings of first person singular suffix are known. The first person suffix pronoun was often omitted.

Dual forms of the suffix pronoun are known but rarely used. Plural forms are used instead.

 First person dual


 Second person dual


Third person Dual


Uses of suffix pronoun:

a) As a subject in verbal phrases

pr.i m niwt

I come out of the city.

b) Subject of non-verbal phrase preceded byiw.

iw.f m pr

He is in the house.

c) Dative (indirect object)


To him.

d) Genitive after nouns

pr. f

His house.

e) After prepositions


With you.

f) Object of Infinitive

The term object here is used in its semantic sense. The object of the infinitive is represented by the direct genitive, as in case of pronouns by the suffixes.

iw.f Hr irt.f

He is doing it.‘(lit.) He is upon doing it’.

g) Used with the wordDs to express emphatic use of reflexive pronouns.

I) After nouns

ra Ds.f

Ra himself.

II) After pronouns

rn.i Ds.i

My own name.